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Smart Cities LPWA

A Market Dynamics Report

Published: January 2018

Analysts/Contributors:
Mareca Hatler, Darryl Gurganious
and Jeff Kreegar

Pages: 98 (80 figures, 45 tables)


Table of Contents

ON World's Research:
* Leading industry experts
* Primary investigation
* Network simulations
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Methodology

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Related Reports:

LPWA Networks
Industrial LPWA

Industrial WSN
Oil & Gas IoT
Smart Lighting

Wireless Sensor Networks


News Release:

140 Million LPWA Devices Connect Smart Cities




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Synopsis:

In the next five years, Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) networking technologies such as Sigfox, LoRa®, LTE-M and NB-IoT will connect hundreds of millions of smart city sensing devices to low cost multi-kilometer cloud connected networks. LPWA networks continue to displace existing outdoor networking technologies for metering and streetlight monitoring, but they are also disrupting Internet of Things (IoT) solutions for parking, waste management, smart water networks, geotechnical monitoring, pollution monitoring and bike sharing.

Intense competition among network operators and new LPWA network offerings has created a more affordable smart city technology landscape. Unlicensed LPWA IoT network technologies like LoRa and Sigfox have given IoT operators Comcast, Senet, Thinxtra and UnaBiz a significant cost advantage. However, LTE-M and NB-IoT networks are rolling out worldwide by mobile LTE operators, many of which also provide LoRaWAN™ as an alternative for either public or private network use.

The recently released LoRaWAN™ 1.1 specification provides several enhancements for network operators targeting smart cities including support for passive and active roaming, class B devices as well as security enhancements. Still, the largest opportunity is LTE networks with its 3GPP’s Release 13 announced last June and NB-IoT with a rapidly growing ecosystem. The inevitability of NB-IoT is not a given as its not suitable for mobile sensing applications, requires new tower installations and has interoperability issues.

Smart city LPWA connected devices will increase by 12X over the next five years when there will be over 140 million connections worldwide. Cumulative revenues from LPWA enabled equipment and associated services over this period will surpass $30 billion
.

In this report, we cover the growing LPWA market opportunities for smart cities including smart metering (electric, gas and water), smart water networks, transportation, waste management, bike sharing, environmental monitoring, geotechnical monitoring and others. It includes market size forecasts (2016-2022) for connected devices, annual unit shipments and breakdowns by market, application, technology, geography and equipment/services; the results from several surveys; an in-depth technology evaluation; and analysis of the value system with 100+ companies.


Primary Research:

250+ organizations including chipset/module suppliers, sensor manufacturers, IoT platform providers and network operators



Primary Research:

Companies that ON World contacted or analyzed for this report include:

LPWA Components & IoT Cloud Platforms

Components:

Altair
ARM Holdings plc
ATIM
Digi
Fibocom
GCT Semiconductor
IMST
InnoComm
Laird Technologies
Link Labs
MCS
Microchip
MultiTech
Murata
M2Comm
NEMEUS
Nordic
ON Semiconductor
Quectel Wireless
Radiocrafts
Semtech
Sequans
Sierra Wireless
Silicon Labs
STMicroelectronics
Texas Instruments
Telit Wireless Solutions

u-blox
Wisol
WIstron NeWeb


IoT Platforms:

Actility
Axible
Carriots
Cisco
Gemalto
Ericsson
Huawei

IBM
Intent Technologies
Loriot
Mesh Systems
myDevices
OrbiWise
PTC/ThingWorx
relayr
Samsung

Stream Technologies
ZTE

Devices, Systems, Platforms & Network Operators

Systems/Platforms:

Adeunis RF
Bigbelly
Birdz

Civic Smart
CommuniThings
Compology
Connit
Datek Light Control
Elster Honeywell
Enevo
EVVOS
Flashnet
Invisible Systems
Kapsch
Kerlink
Libelium
LORD MicroStrain
Meuller Systems
Neptune

Nke Watteco
Nordic Automation Systems
Sagemcom
Schneider Electric
Sensys Networks
Siemens
Silver Spring Networks
Smart Parking
SmartSensor Labs
Telensa
Telematics Wireless
The Button Corporation
Trilliant
Urbiotica
Wellness Telecom
Worldsensing

Network Operators:

AT&T
Bouygues
Comcast machineQ
China Mobile
China Telecom
Chunghwa Telecom
Deutsche Telekom
KDDI
KPN
Orange
NTT Docomo
Proximus
Qowisio
Senet
Sigfox
Singtel
SK Telecom
SoftBank
Sprint
Swisscom
Tata
Telecom Italia
Telefónica
Telia
Telkomsel
Telstra
Telus
Verizon
Vodafone

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Table of Contents

Executive Summary
Report Scope & Methodology

The Ecosystem
The LPWA Value Proposition
Market Trends & Drivers
Unlicensed LPWA
Licensed LPWA
Network Operators Ramping Up Their IoT Strategies

The Smart City IoT Market Opportunity
Market Segmentation
Utilities/Energy
Smart Metering
Distributed Energy Resources
Smart Water Networks
Transportation Systems
Streetlight Monitoring
Traffic Management
Parking Management
Electronic Tolling
Geotechnical Sensing
Bike Sharing
Waste Management
Environmental Monitoring & Others
Air Quality & Noise Pollution Monitoring
Smart Tags & Asset Tracking
Smart Buttons

Survey Results
Respondent Overview

Wireless Sensor Networks
Wireless Sensor Networks
Most Important Features
Satisfaction with Current WSN Systems
Future WSN Applications
Adoption Inhibitors
Innovation Areas
Strategic Investments
IoT Platforms Used

Low Power WANs
LPWA Awareness
LPWA Applications
Product Development
LPWA Channels
Market Impact
LPWA Disruption
Future Projections
Surveyed Organizations

Technology Dynamics
Summary

Cellular Based LPWA Technologies
3GPP
LTE-M1
NB-IoT

Non-Cellular LPWA Technologies
Sigfox
LoRa Alliance
Weightless SIG
ETSI’s Low Throughput Networks (LTN)
IEEE 802.15.4k (Low Energy Critical Infrastructure Networks)

Other LPWAN Technologies

RPMA (Ingenu)
Qowisio
Link Labs
NB-Fi (WAVIoT)
Telematics Wireless
vMonitor (Rockwell)

Related Standards Initiatives
Wi-SUN Alliance
JupiterMesh
IEEE 802.11ah (HaLow)
TALQ Consortium

LPWA Network Tests
Network Range
Network Test 1: Near Real-time Parking Availability
Network Test 2: City Irrigation Monitoring
Network Test 3: City Asset Tracking

Global Total Market Size Forecasts
Global Total Market Size Forecasts
Methodology
Global Connected Devices
Global Connected Devices by Market
Global Total Revenues by Market
Global Total Units, Moderate & Aggressive
Global Total Units by Solution
Global Total Revenues by Solution
Global Total Revenues by Equipment & Services
Global Total Revenues by Geography
Global Total Units by Technology

Target Markets

Utilities

Summary
Total Connected Devices
Connected LPWA Devices by Market
Revenues by Market
Unit Shipments
Revenues for Equipment & Services
Revenues by Geography
Unit Shipments by Technology


Transportation
Summary
Total Connected Devices
Unit Shipments
Units by Solution
Revenues by Solution
Revenues by Equipment & Services
Revenues by Geography
Unit Shipments by Technology

Waste Management, Environmental Monitoring and Others
Summary
Total Connected Devices
Connected LPWA Devices by Market
Revenues by Market
Unit Shipments
Revenues for Equipment & Services
Revenues by Geography
Unit Shipments by Technology


Bike Sharing
Summary
Total Connected Devices
Unit Shipments
Revenues for Equipment & Services
Revenues by Geography
Unit Shipments by Technology

Competitive Landscape
Components
Segmentation
Company Profiles

IoT Connectivity, Device Management & Integration
Segmentation
Company Profiles
Devices, Systems & Platforms
Segmentation
Network Operators
Company Profiles


List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Smart City LPWA Connected Devices (2016-2022)
Figure 2: Smart City Applications Targeted by LPWA Developers
Figure 3: The Smart City IoT Value System
Figure 4: Total Potential Smart City IoT Connections, LPWA & Others
Figure 5: Total Potential Smart City IoT Connected Devices by Market
Figure 6: Switzerland’s Eawag Dept. of Urban Water Management Research Scope
Figure 7: Global Smart Street Lights (2017-2025)
Figure 8: Parking Management, Smart Parking & Others (2017-2025)
Figure 9: Worldsensing’s Loadsensing Solution
Figure 10: Global Connected Bikes in Use (2017-2025)
Figure 11: Bigbelly’s Smart Bins in New York Times Square
Figure 12: Respondents by Industry Role
Figure 13: Respondents by Job Position
Figure 14: Respondents by Geographical Region
Figure 15: Respondents by Targeted Industry
Figure 16: Most Important WSN Features Rated
Figure 17: Satisfaction with WSN Systems
Figure 18: Planning Future/Additional WSN
Figure 19: Planned WSN Applications
Figure 20: WSN Inhibitors Rated
Figure 21: Most Important IoT Innovations
Figure 22: Most Important Strategic Investments
Figure 23: IoT Platforms Used
Figure 24: LPWA Adoption Status
Figure 25: Awareness of LPWA Technologies
Figure 26: Wireless Sensing/M2M Applications Requiring >1K Bytes/Day
Figure 27: LPWA Most Likely Types of Applications
Figure 28: LPWA Product Timeline
Figure 29: Most Likely LPWA Channels
Figure 30: LPWA’s Impact by Market
Figure 31: LPWA’s Disruption on Existing WSN Technologies
Figure 32: LPWA IoT Penetration Rate by 2025
Figure 33: Most Likely LPWA Technologies
Figure 34: LPWA Technologies - Range in Meters
Figure 35: LPWA Technologies - 5000 Node Percent Complete vs Power Used
Figure 36: Sigfox vs LoRa Node Battery Lifetime in Years
Figure 37: Sigfox vs LoRa Node Completion Rate
Figure 38: Sigfox vs LoRa Node Battery Lifetime in Years
Figure 39: Sigfox vs LoRa Node System Throughput
Figure 42: Global Smart City Connected WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Figure 43: Global Smart City Connected LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Figure 44: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Market (2016-2022)
Figure 45: Global Smart City LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Figure 46: Global Smart City LPWA Units by Solution (2016-2022)
Figure 47: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Solution (2016-2022)
Figure 48: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Figure 49: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Figure 50: Global Smart City LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Figure 51: Global Connected Utility/Metering Devices (2016-2022)
Figure 52: Global Connected Utility/Metering Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Figure 53: Global Connected Utility/Metering LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Figure 54: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues Market (2016-2022)
Figure 55: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Figure 56: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Figure 57: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Figure 58: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Figure 59: Global Connected Transportation WSN Devices (2016-2022)
Figure 60: Global Connected Transportation WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Figure 61: Global Transportation LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Figure 62: Global Transportation LPWA Annual Units by Solution (2016-2022)
Figure 63: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Solution (2016-2022)
Figure 64: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Figure 65: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Figure 66: Global Transportation LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Figure 67: Global Connected Waste/Environ WSN Devices (2016-2022)
Figure 68: Global Connected Waste/Environ WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Figure 69: Global Connected Waste/Environ LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Figure 70: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Market (2016-2022)
Figure 71: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Figure 72: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Figure 73: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Figure 74: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Figure 75: Global Connected Bike Sharing IoT Devices (2016-2022)
Figure 76: Global Connected Bike Sharing IoT Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Figure 77: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Figure 78: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Figure 79: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Figure 80: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)


List of Tables

Table 1: The Smart City IoT/LPWAN Value System
Table 2: Smart City LPWA Market Segments & Adoption Drivers
Table 3: LPWA Technologies Compared
Table 4: Global Smart City Connected WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Table 5: Global Smart City Connected LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Table 6: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Market (2016-2022)
Table 7: Global Smart City LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Table 8: Global Smart City LPWA Units by Solution (2016-2022)
Table 9: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Solution (2016-2022)
Table 10: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Table 11: Global Smart City LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Table 12: Global Smart City LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Table 13: Global Connected Utility/Metering Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Table 14: Global Connected Utility/Metering LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Table 15: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues by Market (2016-2022)
Table 16: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Table 17: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Table 18: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Table 19: Global Utility/Metering LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Table 20: Global Connected Transportation WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Table 21: Global Transportation LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Table 22: Global Transportation LPWA Annual Units by Solution (2016-2022)
Table 23: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Solution (2016-2022)
Table 24: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Table 25: Global Transportation LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Table 26: Global Transportation LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Table 27: Global Connected Waste/Environ WSN Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Table 28: Global Connected Waste/Environ LPWA Devices by Market (2016-2022)
Table 29: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Market (2016-2022)
Table 30: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Table 31: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Table 32: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Table 33: Global Waste/Environ LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Table 34: Global Connected Bike Sharing IoT Devices, LPWA & Others (2016-2022)
Table 35: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Annual Units, Moderate & Aggressive (2016-2022)
Table 36: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Revenues by Eqpmnt & Services (2016-2022)
Table 37: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Revenues by Geography (2016-2022)
Table 38: Global Bike Sharing LPWA Chipsets by Technology (2016-2022)
Table 39: LPWA Component Suppliers by Product Segment
Table 40: LPWA Components – Profiles
Table 41: IoT Connectivity & Device Mgmt Platforms by Product Segment
Table 42: IoT/LPWA Connectivity & Device Mgmt Platforms – Profiles
Table 43: Systems & Platforms Providers by Target Market
Table 44: Smart City IoT Systems & Platforms – Profiles
Table 45: (Select) LPWA Network Operators



*The LoRa® Mark is a trademark of Semtech Corporation or its subsidiaries.
*LoRa Alliance™ and LoRaWAN™ are marks used under license from the LoRa Alliance.


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